Initial training for history teachers: structures and standards in 13 member states of the Council of Europe

This study describes the structures and standards that apply to initial teacher training (ITT) for history teachers in several European countries.

Contemporary Issues in Human Rights Education

This collection of papers addresses contemporary issues in human rights education which has shifted over time, as new social contexts have evolved, in turn throwing up ever more complex challenges to educators. It discusses key questions that build on concepts of human rights education and includes examples of actions reported by UNESCO Member States.

Guidelines on Human Rights Education for Human Rights Activists

These guidelines can help trainers to better plan and carry out educational activities for human rights activists, as well as be used as an advocacy tool to promote capacity building for human rights activists on the national level.

Introducing Religious Education: an Interpretive Approach

Robert Jackson has written a new introduction to his book Religious Education an interpretive approach. The introduction and a PDF of the book is now available in the EWC online library.

Education about Religions and Beliefs Contributing to Intercultural, Citizenship and Human Rights Education: The Role of the Council of Europe

In this article from the journal "Teaching Citizenship" Robert Jackson explores the inter-relationship between religion and belief, human rights and citizenship education and the role of the Council of Europe.

Youth policy in Moldova

Youth policy in Moldova, is the latest in the Council of Europe series of youth policy reviews. The report is based on a cross-sectoral understanding of youth policy, it focuses on youth policy structures, education (formal and especially non-formal), transition to the labour market and entrepreneurship.

Perspectives of Research on Human Rights Education

This article overviews some of the available research on human rights education (HRE), subdiving into three main categories: theory of HRE, implementation of HRE, and outcomes of HRE.

Islamic Religious Education in State Funded Muslim Schools in Sweden: A Sign of Secularization or Not?

In Sweden, Muslim schools are financed by the state but run privately. This article describes and analyses the establishment of Muslim schools in Sweden by reference to relevant debates about these schools.

Human Rights and History: A Challenge for Education

This publication elucidates the debates surrounding the historical development of human rights after 1945. The authors examine a number of specific human rights, e.g. the prohibition of discrimination freedom of opinion, to consider how different historical experiences and legal traditions shaped their formulation.

Muslim Swim Wear Fashion at Amman Waves on the Internet and Live

When viewed on the internet, the waterslides and pools at Amman Waves look deserted, but when paying a visit they are filled with children, women and men in various kinds of swim wear. At Amman Waves women’s swim wear fashion ranges from small bikinis to swim-suits that cover every part of a woman’s body except the face, hands and feet. In this article these differences in covering are discussed and categorized in relation to Islamic law. It is argued that this variation in swim wear also has relevance for European societies since it shows possibilities for negotiations (agreement) between traditional Islamic ideals and ideals in modern Western societies.

Human rights of Roma and Travellers in Europe

This report presents the first overview of the human rights situation of Roma and Travellers, covering all 47 member states of the Council of Europe. Its purpose is to encourage a constructive discussion about policies towards Roma and Travellers in Europe today, focusing on what must be done in order to put an end to the discrimination and marginalization they suffer.


This monograph was developed by the European Wergeland Centre’s (EWC) as a contribution to the project “A systemic approach to peer violence in educational institutions – model and guidelines”, supported by the Norwegian government through the EEA Grants and carried out collaboratively with the Institute of Criminology at the Faculty of Law, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

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